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» » » Women bear brunt of Chiefs Bere, Zimuto’s fight for Summerton


Phenius Tafirei was installed as the inaugural leader of the revived Bere chieftainship in April 2019

Tendai Mafuka

There is a bitter tiff between traditional leaders Chief Bere and Chief Zimuto for control of the resettlement areas in Summerton and this has put villagers, particularly women, in a very difficult situation as they have to make very difficult choices, TellZim News can report.

The chisi traditional day of rest, for instance, falls on different days in the two chieftaincies and this has seen some women being given a hard time for working the fields on the wrong days.

The Zimuto chieftaincy’s chisi is observed on Wednesdays while the Beres observe it on Thursdays, a reality which means that villagers lose three working days per week when one considers that Saturdays or Sundays are days of worship for Christians.

Some women in the area say the tussle for control of Summerton by the two chiefs is particularly bad for them because they more often need to be on the fields to look for natural vegetables that help sustain many rural village families in the rainy season as this.

Summerton, which is in Masvingo North Ward 6, has traditionally been under Chief Zimuto until the Bere chieftainship was revived early 2019.

As a result of the tussle, members of the Summerton community are now divided with regards to traditional authority allegiances, and they are caught between the whims of the two chiefs.

The revival of the Bere chieftainship created animosity with Chief Zimuto as the Summerton area was reapportioned to the former but it was never made official.

Lucia Tinarwo, a resident, said there was confusion and division in the area which has seen some people falling afoul of contradictory customs of the two chieftaincies.

She said the more daring were now ignoring the chisi custom altogether, while many others who are more fearful were losing more days of work per week.

“On a particular Wednesday, I was approached by Chief Zimuto’s people as I worked in the fields. I had to beg for forgiveness because they wanted to seize the wheelbarrow that I was using and take me to the traditional court. It was a terrifying experience,” she said.

Another woman who preferred to remain anonymous said it was now difficult to even get onto the fields and gather such naturally-growing vegetables like nyevhe, mowa, mushamba and muchacha on Wednesdays and Thursdays.

“The two chiefs’ people are now victimising people who get to the fields even for the simple purposes of getting vegetables. Each of the two sides is too eager to enforce its own interests to the point of violating people’s rights and making our lives more difficult,” said the woman.

When contacted for comment, Masvingo District Development Coordinator (DDC) Ray Hove said the resettlement area was officially under neither of the two chiefs because a process called ‘emplacement’ was not yet done.

“Officially, the area is not under any one of them because the emplacement process to demarcate the boundaries between the two chiefs is not yet done. We have told them not to exert their authority over the people and we will engage them to reiterate that.

The emplacement programme is on the cards and I am sure that it will be done soon to stop the confusion that is happening there,” said Hove.

He said people should continue operating in the way they were doing before until the emplacement process gets done.

The Bere chieftainship was revived after being dormant for several decades following its suppression by colonial authorities in the early years of European settlement in the country.




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